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દુનિયાનું એવું ગામ જ્યાં બાળકો જન્મતાં જ બહેરા અને મૂંગા થઈ જાય છે

ઈન્ડોનેશિયા પ્રવાસન માટે વિશ્વભરમાં જાણીતું છે. જે લોકો અહીં ફરવા આવે છે તેઓ અંગ્રેજી ભાષા શીખ્યા પછી આવે છે, જેથી તેમના સ્થાનિક લોકો તેમની વાત સમજી શકે. જો કે, ઘણા લોકો સ્થાનિક ભાષા પણ જાણે છે. પરંતુ આજે અમે ઇન્ડોનેશિયાના બાલીમાં સ્થિત એક ગામ વિશે જણાવવા જઈ રહ્યા છીએ, જ્યાં જન્મેલા મોટાભાગના લોકો મૂંગા અને બહેરા હોય છે. આ લોકો માત્ર એક જ ભાષા વાપરે છે જેને કાતા કોલોક કહે છે. તે બોલી શકાતું નથી. આ સાંકેતિક ભાષા છે.

ઈન્ડોનેશિયામાં હાલના આ ગામનું નામ બેંગકાલા છે. અહીં રહેનાર દરેક વ્યક્તિ જાણે છે કે કેવી રીતે હાવભાવમાં વાત કરવી. આનું કારણ એ છે કે મોટાભાગના પરિવારોમાં અમુક વ્યક્તિ બોલી અને સાંભળવામાં અસમર્થ હોય છે. આવી સ્થિતિમાં લોકો ઈશારામાં વાત કરવાનું શીખે છે. આ ગામ બહેરા ગામ તરીકે પણ ઓળખાય છે. એટલે કે એક એવું ગામ જ્યાં લોકો સાંભળી શકતા નથી. સાંકેતિક ભાષા કાતા કોલોકનો ઉપયોગ ફક્ત આ ગામમાં જ નહીં, પરંતુ સરકારી કચેરીઓમાં પણ થાય છે.

ખૂબ જૂની ભાષા: કાતા કોલોક આજની ભાષા નથી, સદીઓ જૂની ભાષા છે. આ સાંકેતિક ભાષા માત્ર ગામના લોકો જ સમજી શકે છે. કારણ કે, અહીં કોઈ સાંભળતું નથી, આ કારણે બહારના લોકો અહીં આવવાથી સંકોચ અનુભવે છે. અહીં જન્મેલા મોટાભાગના બાળકો સાંભળવા અને બોલી શકતા નથી. આવી સ્થિતિમાં, મજબૂરી કહો કે જરૂરિયાત, દરેક વ્યક્તિ આ ભાષા શીખે છે. આ ભાષાનો ઉપયોગ સત્તાવાર કામ માટે પણ થાય છે. આ ગામમાં લગભગ ત્રણ હજાર લોકો રહે છે. અહીં બહેરાશ આવવાનું કારણ આ વિસ્તારમાં DFNB3 નામના જનીનની હાજરી છે. અહીં જન્મેલા લોકોમાં આ જનીન સાત પેઢીઓથી ચાલે છે. તેથી જ લોકો બહેરા જન્મે છે

શું આ એક અભિશાપ નથી: ગામના ઘણા લોકોને લાગે છે કે તેમને આ બહેરાશ શ્રાપને કારણે આવ્યો છે. સ્થાનિક વાર્તા અનુસાર, અહીં રહેતા બે કાળા જાદુગરો વચ્ચે લડાઈ થઈ હતી. આ લડાઈ દરમિયાન, તેઓએ એકબીજાને બહેરા થવાનો શ્રાપ આપ્યો. ગામલોકો માને છે કે ગામના તમામ લોકો આ બે જ છે. આ શ્રાપ સાત પેઢીઓથી અત્યાર સુધી ફેલાઈ રહ્યો છે.

79 Replies to “દુનિયાનું એવું ગામ જ્યાં બાળકો જન્મતાં જ બહેરા અને મૂંગા થઈ જાય છે

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